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A SYSTEMIC VIEW OF SYSTEMIC-CYBERNETIC LANGUAGE
Abstract: Systems Weltanschauung emphasizes complex
vertical as well as horizontal interconnections between elements
and clusters of elements in wholes. The main characteristics of
such systems are best understood through network models. Languages,
as well as their human carriers, could seemingly be modelized in
such a way. This can be fully applied to the systemic cybernetic
It must however be admitted that, while we permanently need to clarify
our semantics, we also need to allow for the permanent evolution
of concepts and their human and linguistic carriers.
published in: CYBERNETICA, Vol. XL, N° 4-1997.
KB) - Permission for reproduction granted by International Association
AN EXPLORATION OF THE HISTORICAL MEANING OF SYSTEMICS IN WESTERN
Abstract: Cybernetics and Systemics as new scientific
tools for the study of complex issues and systems appeared and evolved
during the 2nd half of the 20th. Century. This marks probably the
be- ginning of a new phase in human mind's struggle to understand
and if possible manage the world as it has been transformed by mankind
itself during the 2nd Millenium.
To discover the deeper meaning of the mental, psychical and social
mutation in course, it seems important to reflect on the former
evolution of western thought and its practical conse- quences.
The historical period hereafter considered sketchily covers three
main phases from the 11th to the 20th Century.
published in: SYSTEMS, 2000, VOL. 5, No. 1-2
AN INTEGRATIVE VIEW OF META-SYSTEM TRANSITION
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to try to organize
a synthesis of distinct cybernetic and systemic concepts around
the Meta-System Transition (MST) concept. Such a synthesis is deemed
both necessary and possible. It would include various quite basic
models that appeared from 1960 on, as well as some older ones. A
tentative application to the human MST seemingly in progress is
Keywords: chaos (deterministic), deviation-amplification process,
dissymmetries, dissipative structuration, games of life, organizational
closure, percolation, random drift, runaway process
MST may probably be interpreted as a cyclical process of emergence
of ever more complex types of associative systems (Bresch, 1987).
This paper's aim is to inscribe a number of already existing models
of cybernetic-systemic processes within the MST concept, or at least
to describe their relation to the same.
published in: World Futures Vol. 45., 1996, pp.173-179
KB) - Permission for reproduction granted by Taylor
and Francis Group
HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF THE SYSTEMS SCIENCES
Introduction: Western thought evolved slowly from
the beginning of the Middle Ages in Western Europe. This evolution
signals the progressive shift from a naive religious to an elaborated
theological worldview and later on, toward the complete separation
from theology of a growingly rationalist and scientific approach.
The first steps of this transformation are merely briefly sketched
hereafter. They would however warrant a much more eiaborated study,
in view of their meaning as background to the complete laicization
wich became later the hallmark of scientific Western thought. This
aspect is very important in order to appreciate the significance
of the dynamic interplay of empiricism and abstraction that characterizes
it and led recently to a very deep revision on its fundamental concepts.
Systemics and cybernetics are vital parts of this renewal, in view
of the new possibilities they do offer for the study of complex
written in: 2000
LA SYSTÉMIQUE : UN MÉTA-LANGAGE CONNECTIF
Résumé: La systémique, associée
à la cybernétique, est devenue au fil des 40 der-
nières années un méta-langage connectif, dont
l'évolution se poursuit encore.
Cette transformation était indispensable à la réalisation
du programme initial des fondateurs. Il est utile de tenter de comprendre
comment elle s'est produite et ce qu'elle signifie tant du point
de vue pratique que théo- rique.
Ceci ouvre la voie à une meilleure utilisation de la systémique
pour l'étude des systèmes complexes, des possibilités
de prévoir leurs adapta- tions et leur évolution et
donc, améliorer leur gouvernance.
Abstract: Systemics, as associated to cybernetics,
became along the last 40 years a connective metalanguage, whose
evolution is still progressing.
Such a transformation was necessary, if the original program of
the foun- ders was to bear any results. It is useful to try to understand
how it came about and which theoretical as well as practical significance
Moreover such an understanding opens the way toward a better use
of systemics for the study of complex systems, for the possibilities
of fore- casting their adaptations and evolution and, consequently,
their gover- nance.
published in: REVUE INTERNATIONALE DE SYSTÉMIQUE,
Vol. 12, N° 4-5,1998
SYTEMICS AND CYBERNETICS IN A HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE
Abstract: Systemics and cybernetics can be viewed
as a metalanguage of concepts and models for transdisciplinarian
use, still now evolving and far from being stabilized. This is the
result of a slow process of accretion through inclusion and interconnection
of many notions, which came and are still coming from very different
disciplines. The process started more than a century ago, but has
gathered momentum since 1948 through the pioneering work of Wiener,
von Neumann, von Bertalanffy, von Förster and Ashby, among
many others. This paper tries to retrace the history of the accretion
process and to show that our systemic and cybernetic language is
an evolving conceptual network. This is of course only a first and
quite incomplete attempt, merely destined to give the 'feel' of
the process. Systemic concepts and models are underlined in order
to enhance the perception of the process, as well as its systemic
published in: Systems Research and Behavioral Science,
Syst Res. 16 (1999)
TRANSDISCIPLINARY UNIFIED THEORY
Summary: Numerous complex issues of the most varied
kinds are energing in our evermore interconnected man-planet settings.
Such situations cannot be anymore managed by the piecemal and incoordinated
interventions that result from growing chasms between multiple specialized
disciplines. Accordingly, interdisciplinarity and multidisciplinarity
should be complemented or, in cases, replaced by transdisciplinarity.
Transdisciplinarity in turn supposes the existence of a specific
language of concepts and models, which should be understandable
and usable by any specialist in need to collaborate with a variety
of colleagues of other fields. Such a language has emerged since
1950 as cybernetics and systemics (or so-called systems sciences
or sciences of complexity). It is still becoming richer and better
connected internally as it steadily acquires new conceptual tools
adequated to the study of dynamic, simultaneous, multiple and interdependent
interactions in complex issues.
written in: 2000